An artificial neural network model for predicting maize prices in Kenya

Timothy Wamalwa


In the current globalization era, food security management in developing countries like Kenya that consider agriculture as a dominant economic activity require efficient and reliable food price forecasting models more than ever. Due to rare data availability and data time lag in developing agricultural dominated economies, normally needs reliance on time series forecasting models. Artificial Neural Network (ANN) modelling methodology gives a possible potential price forecasting method in developing countries based on available data. This study demonstrated the superiority of ANN over linear model methodology based on Root Mean Squared Error (RMSE) and Mean Absolute Deviation (MAD) performance metrics. Lower comparative RMSE value would imply a better prediction while results with lower MAD were more close to actual values. Empirical study showed that an ANN model is able to capture adequate number of directions of monthly price change as compared to the linear models. It has also been observed that feeding the model with lagged observation of the same variable leads to more accurate forecasts than its performance in its multivariate form. Models reviewed during this study, showed little effort in development of research tools, therefore we purposed to develop a user- friendly ANN prototype based on the proposed model.

Full Text: PDF


  • There are currently no refbacks.