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ABORTION AT GONDAR COLLEGE HOSPITAL, ETHIOPIA | YUSUF | East African Medical Journal
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ABORTION AT GONDAR COLLEGE HOSPITAL, ETHIOPIA

L. YUSUF, Z.A. ZEIN

Abstract


Objective: To review the pattern and magnitude of abortion in order to estabIish baseline
facts and data for future studies.
Design: A descriptive cross-sectional study.
Setting : Gondar Cullcgc of Medical Sciences Hospital, Gondar. Ethiopia.
Results: Most of the subjects originated from the Gondar city and were married housewivrs,
parous and relatively young. The abortion rate and ratio per 100 pregnancies and deliverieq
were 11.5 and 16.4, respectively. Only 13.4 % of the patients admitted history of interference
with thc prtgnancy. Pret ious history of abortion was obtained in 10.6% of the patients. The
mean gestational ages for septic and non-septic cases were 14.6 and 15.2 weeks, respectibely
even though pregnancies less than 12 week3 from the last normal menstrual period
accounted for 50.5%. 'The commonly diagnosed clinical type was incomplete, followed by
irle,iiable and threatened abortion. The vast majority of the clinical conditions were nonseptic
(85.1 %) and spontancous185.6 % ). The most common con~plications registered were
anaetnia, genital tract infection, bhock of various causes and soft tissue injury. Four mothers
died of abortion-related complications. The mean hospital stays For nnn-septic and srptic
abortion were three and five days, respectively.
Conclusion: The stud! has attempted to address the issue of abortion in its general clinical
pattern in relation to the various parameters. Being comprehensive, it also provides
awareness and sensitivity un the map~~itude nf abortirm and is assumed quite helpful fur
policy and decision makers

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The East African Medical Journal is published monthly by Kenya Medical Association.

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